Culture Bound Disorders: Section A

11 Jan

For this assignment you will choose 5 culture bound disorders and (1) write the name of the disorder, (2) identify the culture where it is found, (3) include a description of the disorder, (4) and provide an explanation of why it is significant to that particular culture. You can find a list of other “Culture Bound” disorders on the following websites:

bit.ly/culturebound1 
bit.ly/culturebound2 
bit.ly/culturebound3

Please leave your response in the comment section of the post. When you finish, search for and read  “Shutting Themselves In,” a fascinating article about the Hikikomori.

Advertisements

19 Responses to “Culture Bound Disorders: Section A”

  1. Nasyria Taylor January 12, 2012 at 9:37 am #

    Disorder: Brain Fag
    Culture: West Africa
    Description : When a persons brain is fatigue
    Explanation: Poor concentration and memory & difficulty thinking. Often found in high school or college students under stress

    Disorder: Falling Out
    Culture: Ethnic groups in the U.S. (Miami) mostly African Americans
    Description: Collapse or dizziness; paralyzed
    Explanation: Related to stress or trauma

    Disorder: Ghost Sickness
    Culture: Native Americans
    Description: preoccupation with death or someone dead; witchcraft
    Explanation: nightmares. weakness, bad appetite, dizziness and fainting

    Disorder: Koro
    Culture: Malaysia
    Description: Fear their penis will retract
    Explanation: May cause death

    Disorder: Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome
    Culture: Laos
    Description: Dies during sleep
    Explanation: Attacked by spirits in a dream. Occurs in people who have been subjected to trauma
    VOODOO DEATH!!!!

  2. Sammy K-L January 12, 2012 at 9:43 am #

    1. Arctic Hysteria is found in the Eskimo culture. In “Arctic Hysteria” one gets hysterical attacks along with convulsions. This is significant to the Eskimo culture because the disorder comes after you lose someone or something important to you. It appears to be a more extreme version of what we might call mourning.

    2. Ataque de Nervios is found in Latin American, Latin Mediterranean, and Caribbean Latino groups. One has cases of uncontrollable shouting, crying, convulsing, verbal/physical aggression, seizure-like episodes, and fainting spells. This is significant to the Latino cultures because it has to do with stressful events. These attacks come after family events that are stressful; perhaps this is how they deal with it.

    3. Brain Fag is found in West African cultures. People feel that their brains are fatigued and cannot concentrate or remember things. The most cases occur in high school/college students under stress. This might be significant because it seems like a way to excuse behaving badly in schooling. Perhaps it is treatable and you can regain your brainpower.

    4. Ghost Sickness occurs in Native American cultures. One suffers from nightmares, weakness, anxiety, poor appetite, dizziness, fainting, and a sense of being “suffocated.” These symptoms come after someone has died or if the person is occupied with someone who just died. This is important because it is as if someone who just died is visiting you. Might come out of respect for the dead.

    5. Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome occurs in the culture of people in Laos. In this disorder people die in their sleep as a result of being attacked by spirits in their dreams. This often occurs in people who have been subject to some kind of trauma. Perhaps this is just an explanation for people who die of stress related illnesses? Maybe this is a way the Laotian culture explains phenomena they don’t understand.

  3. Tori La Niña January 12, 2012 at 9:45 am #

    1. Falling Out/ Blacking Out
    -South U.S. and Caribbean
    -Episodes characterized by sudden collapse and fainting, often with hysterical blindness
    -People could be passing out from dehydration, due to the fact that there area it occurs in is always hot.
    2. Anorexia Nervosa
    -North America, Western Europe
    -Severe restriction of food intake, associated with morbid fear of obesity. Other methods may also be used to lose weight including excessive exercise. May overlap with symtoms of bulimia nervosa.
    -This is occuring because in America the skinnier someone is the more beautiful people consider them. That is a ideal only in the united states or high fasion cultures (France, Italy)
    3.Windigo
    -Algonkian Indians, NE US and Easten Canada
    -Syndrome of obsessive cannibalism, now somewhat discredited.
    -Windigo was supposedly brought about by consuming human flesh in famine situations. Afterwards, the canibal was supposed to be haunted by cravings for human flesh and thoughts of killing and eating humans.
    4. Rootwork
    -Southern U.S. and Carribean
    -Illness as the result of hexing, witchcraft, voodoo, or the influence of an evil person.
    -This happens most likely because they do not use the right types of medicine, or th clan types of medicine, or do not use medicine at all.
    5. Koro
    -Malaysia
    -The primary symptoms is that the penis or the vulva and breats are receeding into the body, possibly causing death.
    -To scare people into being faithful.

  4. Kirk Pressley January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    The disorder “Brain Fag” is located in West Africa. When a person has “Brain Fag” they feel that their brain is fatigued. This also leads to poor concentration and memorization. I think this happens in Africa because of the heat of the sun which could put people under stress. Also lack of water.

    The disorder called “Zar” is found in East and North Africa, and The Middle East. The symptoms of “Zar” is Shouting, laughing, head banging and more. This happens when a person believes they are possessed. I think this is a significant part of this culture because this culture beliefs are strong towards the idea that spirits lead people to act this way.

    The disorder “Wind Illness” is located in China, and South east Asia. This disorder happens when a person has a fear of being cold or of the wind. This is believed to be an upset of Yang and the natural balance in the body. I think this happens in China because they believe in the balance of life and they view the cold as upsetting that balance.

    The disorder called “Nervios” is located in Latin America, and Latinos in the U.S. “Nervios” is when a wide range of emotional and behavioral symptoms, including headaches, sleep problems, anxiety, dizziness and tingling.

    The disorder “Rootwork” found in Haiti, and Africa. This believes to be done by Witchcraft or sorcery of the evil influence. This happens in this culture because people in this culture believe in witchcraft and that people do things like voo-doo and cast spells among people.

  5. Shuruq Moftah January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    1. Falling-out or blacking out is found in Southern USA, Caribbean. The individual experiences dizziness and spinning and collapses. The person cannot see, but they can hear everything that is happening around them. It shows how a body is experiencing stress or heatstrokes.

    2. Zar is found in the North African and Middle Eastern area. Those individuals who have this experience laughing, crying, singing, shouting, or hitting their heads on the wall. They believe that they are possessed by a spirit and are unable to go on with their daily lives doing what they do normally. This is significant to their culture because they believe in spirits, and they believe that spirits and that there is such thing as being possessed by a spirit.

    3. Pa Leng is found in China, Wei Han Zheng, Singapore. It is the fear that wind or the cold will result in a loss of negative energy and an imbalance of the body. The person becomes obsessed with being warm and wears layers of clothing even in the middle of the summer.

    4. Ghost sickness is found in Native American culture. The person believes that someone from the dead is here to visit them. It is significant to them because they believe in spirits and they think that the dead is here to visit them, I guess as respect from the dead.

  6. srf2090 January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    1. Brain Fag is when you feel that your brain is really tired to the point that you can not concentrate, you start to have bad memory, and you cant think straight. This is most found in high school students or university students under stress in West Africa. This is significant to this culture because they are a lot of hard workers in Africa, more than anywhere else around the world, so Brain Fag appears most there.

    2. Zar is when you start having dissociative symptoms like shouting, laughing, head banging, weeping and other demonstrative behaviors. You start to believe that you are possessed by a spirit, and may develop a long-term relationship with the spirit. This only happens in East and North Africa, Middle East, especially Ethiopa, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, and Iran. This is significant to this culture because they probably have more religious people in that culture.

    3. Wind Illness is when you are afraid to get cold because you think it well associate with loss of yang and upset a natural balance in the body. This occurs in areas with Chinese ethnic populations (China, Southeast Asia). This is significant to this culture because it is probably very cold in China and many people are scared to get cold.

  7. scn1829 January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    Disorders:

    1) The Disorder is called Susto, its found in Latinos in the US, Mexico, Central and South America. This disorder is believing that your spirit/ soul is going to leave the body and it will cause instant death. This significant because usually the spirit would not leave, (well that its what i know), and usually people with this disorder would be afraid of dead.

    2) This is called Wind Illness, Its found in Areas of chinese ethnic culture in population which is china and Southeast Asia. This disorder is the fear of cold or the wind, you need to stay warm because of the “yang” would get upset of the body for being changed. This is significant because you need to stay warm all the time, usually i would like to get cold breeze once in a while if im warm for a long time.

    3) This is called Zar, its found in North and East Africa, Middle East like Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, Iran. This when your body is possessed by the spirit and there will be random shouting, laughing, head banging, weeping and demonstrative behavior. This is significant because that will be mainly caused by s

  8. sbm9297 January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    Ghost Sickness is a disorder in which one is preoccupied with death or someone who has died; this is sometimes related to witchcraft. Symptoms consist of nightmares, weakness, anxiety and feelings of danger, poor appetite, dizziness and fainting, sometimes even a sense of suffocation. It is found in Native American groups. This disorder is significant to the culture of Native Americans because it is linked to the common practice of burying the dead above ground, causing them to be reminded of death and people who have died.

    Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome is a disorder in which people die during their sleep due to attacks by spirits in a dream. This usually occurs to people who have been exposed to trauma. The disorder is found amongst the Laotion people, whom believe the disorder is linked to eating rice cakes, which contain carbohydrates.

    Epigastric Pain is a disorder in which people fear that the penis, vulva, and nipples will retract into the body and cause death. This disorder is found in Malaysia, and other parts of South and East Asia. People of these cultures, diagnosed with this disorder, aren’t sexually comfortable and usually feel guilt over masturbation and sexual activity, therefore creating a fear of the sexual body parts to retract into the body.

    Mal de Ojo, meaning “evil eye” is a disorder causing fitful sleep, crying without apparent cause, diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. This disease is common in Mediterranean cultures, particularly children. In many Mediterranean countries, people believe that jealousy of another person can lead to their cursing you with an “evil eye” therefore becoming sick. It is more extreme in some countries, in which people may show the symptoms listed above, but there are also cultures which believe in the “evil eye” but do not believe it will cause anything in specific, other than bad luck.

    Nervious is a disorder of wide range of somatic, emotional, and behavioral symptoms, including headache or brain ache, sleep problems, anxiety, tearfulness and emotional lability, dizziness and tingling. It is common among Latinos in the U.S. and Latin America. It isn’t exactly explained why this occurs to these specific cultures, because this is also known as anxiety disorder and can occur wherever.

  9. katyakahl January 12, 2012 at 9:59 am #

    For this assignment you will choose 5 culture bound disorders and (1) write the name of the disorder, (2) identify the culture where it is found, (3) include a description of the disorder, (4) and provide an explanation of why it is significant to that particular culture. You can find a list of other “Culture Bound” disorders on the following websites:

    1. Falling out: its found in ethnic groups in southeastern U.S., more commonly in Miami, and the Caribbean. the person collapses, then feel dizzy (kind of like vertigo) they are then paralyzed and cannot move, though they can hear. This could possibly be caused by heat, if its most commonly in Miami and the Caribbean because people are sweating all day long there.

    2.Wacinko: This disorder causes people to be angry, they withdraw, they will sometimes become so angry they cant speak, that leads often to suicide. this disorder is mainly found in north america and native american groups. this may be caused by people being rejected; it says that it is often caused by dissapointment and native americand and north americans are often rejected from jobs, or even by people.

    3. Brain Fag: This disorder is mainly found in West African cultures. People who suffer from this feel that their brains are over tired and cannot concentrate or remember things. people are mainly affected by this when the are in high school under stress

    4. Ghost Sickness http://faculty.valpo.edu/jnelson/CCWebPage/Notes/CBPPPP/sld010.htm

    5. Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome http://faculty.valpo.edu/jnelson/CCWebPage/Notes/CBPPPP/sld012.htm

    • katyakahl January 13, 2012 at 9:53 am #

      4. Ghost Sickness: found in Native American cultures. What happend is that they have nightmares, weakness, anxiety, poor-to no- appetite, dizziness, fainting, and feel like they are being “suffocated,”. These symptoms come after someone has died or if the person is occupied with the spirit of someone who has just died.

      5. Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome: found in the culture of people in Laos. people just die in their sleep as a result of being attacked by spirits in their dreams. This often occurs in people who have been subject to some kind of trauma, which probably means that they keep thinking about this, and possibly have guilt eating away at them or are very stressed about it.

  10. Eric January 12, 2012 at 6:38 pm #

    Zar
    Zar can be found in East and North Africa, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, Iran and especially Ethiopia. The person believes that he/she is possessed by a spirit. They laugh, shout out loud, weep, and bang their head.
    Arctic Hysteria
    Arctic Hysteria is found in Eskimo. The person is hysterical and attacks following the loss of something or someone that is important.
    Susto
    Susto occurs in Hispanics in the U.S, Mexico, Central and South America. The person fears that their soul will leave or that something caused it to leave, making them sick and eventually death.
    Mal de ojo
    Mal de ojo is when a person has a fitful sleep, cry withought cause, diarrhea, has a fever and vomit. It happens in Mediterranean cultures and especially children
    Wacinko
    Wacinko happens in North America and in Natvive American groups. The person is agry, immobility, and removes themselves from society. At the end, sometimes they commit suicide. This is cuased by disappointment or interpersonal problems
    -Eric Gomez

  11. Chanel Mowatt January 13, 2012 at 9:22 am #

    Falling Out or Blacking Out

    Located: Southern U.S. and Caribbean

    Description: An episode where you suddenly collapse and faint, often with hysterical blindness even though your eyes are open and you can hear what’s happening around you, but are not able to interact.

    Significance: Related to stress, trauma, and possibly the heat.

    Windigo or Witiko

    Located: Alkokian Indians, North Eastern U.S and Eastern Canada

    Description: Obsessed cannibalism (which is now discredited). After consuming the human flesh the cannibal is haunted with cravings for human flesh and thoughts to eat and kill humans.

    Significance: Came about due to eating flesh in famine situations.

    Boufée Deliriante

    Located: West Africa and Haiti

    Description: Sudden outburst of agitated and aggressive behavior, marked confusion, and psychomotor excitement. Sometimes accompanied by visual and auditory hallucinations.

    Significance: You’re under the age of 30; have had previous psychological or neurological disorders; and it only happens once.

    Shen Kui

    Located: China and areas with Chinese populations

    Description: Anxiety and panic that lead to premature ejaculation. Mostly found among men and rare among women.

    Significance: Viewed as a life threatening situation.

    Zar

    Located: North Africa and Middle Eastern societies

    Description: Believe they are possessed by a spirit, and may experience dissociative episodes when they shout, laugh, weep, sing or hit their heads on the wall. They develop a long term relationship with spirit.

    Significance: Behavior is not considered pathological.

  12. sfb8732 January 14, 2012 at 2:47 pm #

    First Disorder
    1) Brain Fag/ Brain Fog
    2) West Africa
    3) Person feels their brains are fatigued. Associated with poor concentration and memory, difficulty thinking. Most often found in high school or university students under stress.
    4) Causes of Brain Fag include lack of sleep and/or nutrition. These could be because the students are in too much stress to eat of sleep.

    Second Disorder
    1) Blacking Out/ Falling Out
    2) Southeastern US and Caribbean
    3) Collapse, preceded by feelings of dizziness. Person is paralyzed and unable to move, although they can hear and understand. Possibly related to stress or trauma
    4) Causes include fainting due to heat or from a lack of water.

    Third Disorder
    1) Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome
    2) Laos
    3) Person dies during their sleep as a result of attacks by sprits in a dream.
    4) Most likely they are having a night terror and have heart conditions. Night terrors increase your heart rate from 60 to about 180. That causes people with heart problems to have heart attacks

    Fourth Disorder
    1) Ghost Sickness
    2) Native American groups
    3) Preoccupation with death or someone who has died, sometimes associated with witchcraft. Symptoms include nightmares, weakness, anxiety and feelings of danger, poor appetite, dizziness and fainting something a sense of suffocation.
    4) Caused because most people regret the lose of a close one, even if they died of old age or were in a lot of pain. Most likely caused by the amounts of stress.

    Fifth Disorder
    1) Wind Illness
    2) Areas with Chinese ethnic populations (China, Southeast Asia)
    3) Fear of the cold or of the wind, which is associated with a loss of yang and upset of natural balance in the body. The person does everything they can to stay warm.
    4) The cause could because Southeast Asia is close to the equator. They are mostly afraid of the cold because of they are not used to it.

  13. ser5599 January 18, 2012 at 5:52 pm #

    1.Brain Fag
    Its found in West Africa
    Its when people feel their brains are fatigued. Associated with poor concentration and memory, difficulty thinking. Most often found in high school or university students under stress.brain Fag is caused by lack of nutrition, Its mosty related with highschool students because of to much stress.
    2.Wind illness
    Its found in china and Southeast Asia.
    Its the fear of getting cold.This is significant because you need to stay warm all the time, so people are afraid that the wind will decrease their body tepmerature.
    3.Falling Out
    its found the Carribean and the Southern U.S.
    Its when you faint or collapse. Incapabilty to interact with others. The reason behind this is most likley caused by stress.
    4.Susto
    Its found in Latinos in the US, Mexico, Central and South America. The main reason behind it is paranoia. This is the belief of spirits walking out of the body.
    -Evelyn

  14. sfj4164 January 22, 2012 at 1:46 am #

    1. Amok is found in Asia, Malaysia, The Phillippines, and New Guinea. It consists of episodes of introspective brooding, normally followed by an outburst of violent, aggressive or homicidal behavior. The disorder is significant to these cultures, specifically the Malay culture because they would be provoked by an insult, jealousy or sense of desperation.
    2. Ataque de Nervios simply means “Attack of Nerves” and it is found in Carribbean Latinos, Latin America and Latin Mediterranean groups. The disorder is uncontrollable shouting, attacks of crying, verbal or physical aggression, seizure-like episodes, and fainting spells. The cause could be related to a stressful family event, like death or a conflict.
    3. Zar is found in East and North Africa, the Middle East, mostly Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt and Iran. Zar consists of dissociative symptoms like shouting, laughing, head banging, weeping, and other demonstrative behaviors. The behavior would not be considered pathological in those cultures.
    4. Wacinko is found in North America. The disorder is anger, withdrawal, and immobility usually leading to suicide. It is often a reaction to disappointment or interpersonal issues.
    5. Taijin kyofusho is from Japan. It is fear and guilt about embarrassing others with one’s behavior. Usually found in younger people.

  15. jonah zilberg January 22, 2012 at 6:24 pm #

    Culture Bound Disorders

    1) Gururumba (“wild man”) episode

    2) New Guinea

    3) Begins with delusional men burglarizing peoples homes for cheap valuables, convinced that
    they’re worth fortunes. They also act clumsy, energetic, run off into the woods for several days, and
    return with severe memory loss typically tied to trama.

    4) People in Papua New Guinea are extremely traditional, tribes live similarly to those living
    hundreds of years earlier then them. It’s common that those who are so deeply spiritual can have
    strange reactions to bad energy, and “spirits”s. Some become crazed, and even possessed.

    1) Hwa-Byung

    2) Korea

    3) Intense stomach pains and a feeling of mass in the chest resulting to fear of dying. As well as
    insomnia, panic, loss of appetite, pains (believed by professionals to be caused by imbalances and
    anger).

    4) People in korea are very very spiritual and also have shamanistic beliefs. When people are
    convinced by things like super natural beings and it plays such an important role in society, there
    minds can trick themselves and these strange disorders are typically seen in spiritual, traditional
    communites.

    1) Amok

    2) Malaysia and Indonesia

    3) Involves sudden bursts of anger, destructiveness and homicidal behavior

    4) I guess Malaysians and Indonesians are very tribal, territorial people, perhaps they are very violent and become overly aggressive.

    1) Ghost Sickness
    2) America (hundreds of years ago, this disease was found among Native Americans).
    3) People become pre-occupied with death, and other dead people. Symptoms involve weakness, nightmares, loss of appetite, fainting, anxiety, hallucinations, fainting and confusion
    4) This is likely a result of spirituality, Native Americans have strong beliefs in spirits, after life, and dreams. I believe these strange disorders are results of over-indulgence in the spirit world, and people become delusional in return.

    1) Brain fog
    2) North Africa
    3) This disorder is found among high school and university students, symptoms include, heat exhaustion, difficulty in concentrating and remembering things, headaches and blurring of vision.
    4) This disorder is quite easy to decode, the Saharan zones of north Africa are extremely hot and dry, it seems that people with this disorder emerse themselves in long, tedious studies in high temperatures.

  16. sdz1620 February 2, 2012 at 2:26 pm #

    1. bulimia nervosa
    2. North America, Western Europe
    3. binge eating followed by purging through self-induced vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics; and morbid fear of obesity. May overlap with symptoms of anorexia nervosa.
    4. because those societies look badly on obesity the people who binge eat then try to lose the weight through these methods.

    1. rootwork
    2. Southern U.S. and Carribean
    3. illness as the result of hexing, witchcraft, voodoo, or the influence of an evil person.
    4. These events can be extremely traumatizing to some people and this can make them feel sick.

    1. taijin kyofusho
    2. Japan
    3. a syndrome of intense fear that one’s body, body parts, or bodily functions are displeasing, embarrassing, or offensive to other people in appearance, odor, facial expressions, or movements.
    4. I think that this is just the result of poor self image which could be heightened in certain places by the media.

    1. pibloktoq
    2. Greenland Eskimos
    3. an abrupt dissociative episode
    4. This could be caused by being in the cold or isolated for so long

  17. rachelvicioso February 14, 2012 at 12:36 pm #

    1. Disorder: Brain Fag
    Culture: West Africa
    Description: When a person’s brain is fatigue
    Explanation: Poor concentration and memory & difficulty thinking. Often found in high school or college students under stress
    2.Disorder taijin kyofusho
    Culture: Japan
    Description: a syndrome of intense fear that one’s body, body parts, or bodily functions are displeasing, embarrassing, or offensive to other people in appearance, odor, facial expressions, or movements.
    Explanation: I think that this is just the result of poor self image which could be heightened in certain places by the media.
    3.
    Disorder: Wind illness
    Culture: china and Southeast Asia.
    Description: Its the fear of getting cold. This is significant because you need to stay warm all the time, so people are afraid that the wind will decrease their body temperature.
    4. Disorder: Falling Out
    Culture: Caribbean and the Southern U.S.
    Explanation: It’s when you faint or collapse. Incapability to interact with others. The reason behind this is most likely caused by stress.

  18. Alize Feal February 21, 2012 at 2:21 pm #

    1. Nervios
    2. This is found in Latinos in the U.S and in Latin America.
    3. A wide range of emotional, and behavioral symptoms, including brain ache, sleep problems, anxiety, tearfulness and emotional lability, dizziness and tingling.
    4. This is significant to this culture because of their vulnerability due to some stressful life experiences.

    1. Latah
    2. This is found Malaysia and Indonesia
    3. Hypersensitivity to fright or startle. Echoproxia or echolalia, dissociative or trancelike behavior
    4. It’s significant to this culture because it happens after a death of a loved one, or from a stressful lifestyle.

    1. Falling Out
    2. This occurs in South U.S and in the Carribean.
    3. Collapse proceeded by feelings of dizziness, and then they’re paralyzed and unable to move.
    4. It’s caused because of heat, stress, and possibly dehydration.

    1. Brain Fag
    2. West Africa
    3. Watery eyes, dizziness, blurry vision, trouble remembering things and concentrating, sometimes there is also a feeling of depression involved with this disorder.
    4. It’s caused by high stress levels/ and “overtaxed” mind.

    1. Ghost Sickness
    2. In American Indian groups
    3. Bad dreams, weakness, feelings of danger, loss of appetite, fainting, dizziness, etc.
    4. Caused by preoccupation with death and association with witchcraft.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: