Culture-bound diseases

13 Feb

For this assignment you will choose 5 culture bound disorders and (1) write the name of the disorder, (2) identify the culture where it is found, (3) include a description of the disorder, (4) and provide an explanation of why it is significant to that particular culture. You can find a list of other “Culture Bound” disorders on the following websites:

bit.ly/culturebound1

bit.ly/culturebound3

Please leave your response in the comment section of the post. When you finish, search for and read “Shutting Themselves In,” a fascinating article about the Hikikomori.

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16 Responses to “Culture-bound diseases”

  1. Hannah Nunez February 14, 2013 at 10:08 am #

    The disorder Susto is the fear that the soul will leave the body or that an event that will cause this, leading the person to become sick and eventually die. It is found in Latinos in U.S, Mexico and Central America. These people are afraid that their soul will leave there body/soul loss. This means that the person will die, so basically they are afraid of dying.

  2. simeon098 February 14, 2013 at 10:14 am #

    Im intrigued by all the different pathological fascinations people have from around the world. I find that the varied pathologies exist due to cultural norms and societal factors. Depending on where you live your values and others expectations of you differ, it is based on these factors that I see a lot of self inflicted illness. Such as in western cultures it is desired to be skinny, this desire induces anorexia.

  3. ashley villalona February 14, 2013 at 10:17 am #

    1. Falling out
    2. Ethnic groups in southeastern U.S, especially Miami. Primary African Americans and Afro-Caribbeans
    3. Collapse, preceded by feeling of dizziness. Person is paralyzed and unable to move, although they can hear and understand. Possibly related to stress trauma.
    4. The cultural meaning of this is that your body is falling apart

  4. Brianna Trani February 14, 2013 at 10:18 am #

    1. Susto is the name of the disorder and it is found in Latinos in U.S, Mexico, Central and South America. Susto is the fear that the soul will leave the body or that an event has caused this leading to sickness and eventual death. This may be significant to their culture because they may think the “devil” is going to take over their soul.

    2. Wacinko is the name of he disorder and it is found usually in North America, in Native American groups (Oglala Sioux). Wacinko causes anger, withdrawl, mutism and immobility frequently leading to suicide. Often a reaction to disappointment or interpersonal problems. This may be significant to their culture because they might be depressed or scared of something.

    3. Falling out is usually found in Ethnic groups in Southeastern U.S especially Miami. Mostly focused on African Americans and Afro-Caribbeans. Falling out mainly makes a person collapse, preceded by feelings of dizziness. The person is paralyzed and unable to move, but they can hear and understand. This possibly related to stress or trauma. This may be significant to their culture because they might be stressed out.

    4. Koro is the disorder that the fear of the penis (or occasionally vulva and nipples) will retract into the body and cause death. It usually affects Malaysia, other parts of South and East Asia. It can occur in epidemics. This may be significant to their culture because epidemics might be more vulnerable to it.

    5. Latah is hypersensitivity to fright or startle, hypersuggestibility, echopraxia or echolalia, dissociative pr trancelike behavior. It affects Malaysia Indonesia. This may be significant to their culture because they might think the “devil” is persuading them.

  5. Kim Corona February 14, 2013 at 10:21 am #

    1.Ghost Sickness is from Navajo. Ghost Sickness consists of weakness, bad dreams, the feeling of danger, confusion, loss of appetite. This happen because the death or how someone died. Sometimes the victim have hallucinations. I think it’s significant to that culture because they probably believe in the after life.

    2. Nervios comes from Latino Societies. Nervios consists to the sense of vulnerability to stressful life experience which is produced by that vulnerability. The victim usually experiences emotional distress, somatic complaints and the inability to function. Some of the common symptoms are headaches, stomach disturbances, sleep difficulties and nervousness, and the inability to concentrate. I think it’s significant to this specific culture because maybe they believe that life can be very stressful at times and they believe these are the symptoms that affect these people.

    3. Shin-byung comes from Korea. Shin-byung consists of anxiety and somatic complaints. It also consists of weakness, dizziness, fear loss of appetite, insomnia and the possession of an ancestral spirits. This is significant to this culture because they believe that over thinking may cause so much stress to you and it will emotionally damage you.

    4. Tajin kyofusho comes from Japen. Tajin kyofusho consists of the intense feeling of anxiety that’s centered around dread or hurting and or offending others. This specific syndrome is broken up into four sections. This syndrome is significant because it’s a phobia that some people go through.

    5. Falling out or blacking out comes from Southern USA and the Caribbean. Falling/Blacking out is about how one individual experiences dizziness and a spinning sensation before actually collapsing. When they collapse that persons eyes are open but they still can’t see. They also can’t what;s happening around them but they can still hear. This is significant to this culture probably because they believe that this is caused by a natural thing. For example people may black out for a lack of food and water.

  6. doorstodreams February 14, 2013 at 10:21 am #

    Amok is a disorder when someone wants to kill themselves but don’t have the courage, so they commit violence to other people so that they will kill them. People often if forget what they’ve done if they havent been killed. It is mostly in Malaysia. It’s significant to the culture because someone could randomly attack you if you’re visiting, although it is now fortunately rare.

    • Albert Ackoyd February 14, 2013 at 10:32 am #

      Brain Fag is short for brain fatigue and is usually associated with students. It’s normally caused after an intense period of brain activity.
      It’s located mostly in west africa and has appeared in the west in the elderly. It’s important to cultures because it shows minds at work and appears mostly in people trying to get a western style of eductation

      Locura is a state of severe psychosis in Latin American and Latinos in the US. It is important to cultures because it makes people unable to do properly follow social interaction

  7. sar5135 February 14, 2013 at 10:22 am #

    The disorder, Brain Fag, is the brain undergoing fatigue and stress, which is associated with poor concentration and memory. This can also result in having difficulty in critical thinking. Found in West Africa, but it is most commonly found in high school students and university students. It is significant to a particular culture because anything they try to learn will only be stressful, which will lead to the person over thinking it and eventually forgetting it in the process.

  8. nstupel February 14, 2013 at 10:26 am #

    The First Disorder I found out is called Amok. It can be found in Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Malaysia and also possible Native Americans. Amok is basically Dissociative episode proceeded by introspective breeding followed by
    Homicidal Behavior. It is significant as this can effect a lot of people, in some of the High Population centers in southeast Asia.

    Arctic hysteria is convulsive hysterical attacks, usually following the loss of someone close to that person such as a family member. This disease only happens where the Eskimo live. I think the reason this happens so often is because this is a close knit community and losing a family member hurts in a close community like this, more so.

    Ashanti Psychosis is when either someone experiences frenzied guilt fear and depressive, which mostly affects women. People get it from being punished for something The two forms of this disorder usually occur in West Africa and Ghana. The reason this disease effects this community is because women can become depressive when they are poor, and their is not a lot happening in 3rd world countries like these ones. They can’t stand being punished.

    Brain Fag is when a person feels their brains are fatigued. This happens a lot in high school and Universities. This is associated with poor concentration and memory. This disorder mostly happens in West Africa. This mostly happens to students because sometimes the pressure of doing well in school is two much and it can hurt your psyche.

    Falling out is a Disorder when someone collapses preceded by dizziness. A person can be paralyzed and not able to move. This is related to stress and trauma. People who are most affected by this are people in southeastern united states, primarily African-Americans and Afro-Caribbeans. In poor communities stress is at a high, since some people have to worried about gun-shots when they are simply crossing the street. This can give a person a lot of stress. The reason it is mostly minorities is because they are more likely to live in these poorer communities.

    -Noah Stupel
    Sixteen
    2-13-13

  9. Rebekah Villaronga February 14, 2013 at 10:29 am #

    I found many of the culture bound diseases similar to one another. Many of them had similar symptoms, but resulted in very unbelievable things such as suicide, sudden death, and paralysis. Koro was a disease found in South Asia which was the dear the the penis,vulva, and nipples would retract into the body after death. Amok was found distributed among the population of South Asia which involved homicidal behavior and violent outburst. Falling out found in the the South East of the United States is a disease where the person would feel dizzy then knock out and become paralyzed (related to stress or trauma).

  10. stefan February 14, 2013 at 10:30 am #

    Guru rumba (wild man) begins with the person usually a male after marriage-burglarizing homes for minor items, which they believe, are valuable. Hyperactive and clumsy in movement and may have speech or hearing disturbances.
    He then runs into the forest for some days and returns without the object and turns back to his normal life, and it is found in New Guinea

    Hwa Byung

    Epigastirc Pain attributed to a mass in upper abdomen that the patient fears will lead to death Also tiredness, insomnia panic, fear of impending death, Loss of appetite GI problems palpitations muscle ache and pain. Believed to result from imbalances caused by anger. Found in Korea

    Susto
    Fear that the susto will leave the body or that an event has caused this leading to sickness and eventual death.

    Location: Latinos in the U.S Mexico central and South America.

    Wind Illness

    Fear of being cold or of the wind, which is associated with a loss of yang and upset of natural balance in the body. The person does everything to stay warm. There is no real reason to this but most people believe it’s a “folk illness but it is found in
    Found in Chinese ethnic populations.

    Koro

    Fear that the penis or occasionally vulva and nipples will retract into the body and cause death, found in Malaysia other parts of the south and East Asia can occur in epidemics.

  11. anthonyp347 February 14, 2013 at 10:30 am #

    Once you turn sixteen in the Amish community many things happen. You can either choose to continue on the journey with god and stay in the community and fully devote yourself to the church or you an decide to leave and go and live a brand new life outside of the community. Many choose to leave and go experience life outside the community. Many attended parties and drink until there drunk, But some after the get a bit of the outside world decide to go back and fulfill there lives as Amish kids. You have only one chance to back, after you return and leave again you can never come back and are basically given up on the church and must start a new life.

  12. Christian Ndoci February 14, 2013 at 10:31 am #

    1st disorder:
    1) Zar
    2) It is found in the culture of East and North Africa, the Middle East, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, and Iran.
    3) The disorder involved shouting, laughing and head banging.
    2nd disorder:
    1) Koro
    2) Found in parts of South and East Asia.
    3) Involves the fear that the penis will retract into the body and cause death.
    3rd disorder:
    1) Brain Fag
    2) It is found in West Africa
    3) Person feels their brains fatigued
    (NOT COMPLETED)

  13. Kelsey Hank February 14, 2013 at 10:31 am #

    1. Amok
    2. It was found in Malaysia and Souteast Asia. It is also i the Pillippines, Polynesia, New Guinea. It possinly is also in Puerto Rico and Native Americans
    3. Amok makes you have an outburst of violent, aggressive or homicidal behavior. After the “first attack” the person experiences persecutory ideas, amnesia and exhaustion

    1. Artic Hysteria
    2. It is located in Eskimo
    3. Artic Hysteria causes Convulsive hysterical attacks, conversion symptons, along with actual or symbolic loss of someone or something important

    1. Ashanti Psychosis
    2. West AFrica and e.g. Ghana
    3. Ashanti psychosis causes two types of symptons. one type is frenzied guilt-and-fear and two depressive but it is mostly affecting women.

    1. Ataque de Nervios
    2. Caribbean Latinos, also Latin AMerica and Latin Mediterranean groups
    3. Ataque de Nervois causes uncontrollable shouting, attacks of crying, trembling, verbal or physical aggression, dissociative or seizure-like episodes, fainting spells.

    not completed

  14. evelyng32 February 14, 2013 at 10:31 am #

    1)Specific Disorder: Brain Fag
    2)It is found in West Africa.
    3)The Description is that the person feels their brains are fatigued. It is also associated with concentration and memory and difficulty of thinking. Most found in high school students or university students under stress.
    4) I think it’s found in that culture and many other cultures because people are under stress and the people will have a hard time thinking because of all that stress and over thinking you do. “Although DSM-IV specifies West Africa as the cultural origin, the term and syndrome occur in many sub-Saharan areas, and appears to be most common among young men pursuing a western-style education.” In their culture when you have some type of stress in their origin the syndrome occurs in my many sub-Saharan areas.

    1)Specific Disorder: Falling out
    2)Locations found are ethnic groups in southeastern US especially Miami.
    3) The description is collapsing followed by feelings of dizziness. Person could be paralyzed and unable to move. They can hear you and it is related to stress or trauma.
    4) I think it is significant to this culture because I think like where the disorder came from it could be like

    1)Specific Disorder: KORO
    2) Locations are south and east of asia.
    The description is fear that the penis (or nipples) will retract into the body and cause death.
    3)
    4)

  15. Arber Rexha February 14, 2013 at 8:51 pm #

    For this assignment you will choose 5 culture bound disorders and (1) write the name of the disorder, (2) identify the culture where it is found, (3) include a description of the disorder, (4) and provide an explanation of why it is significant to that particular culture.

    Disorder #1: (Brain Fag) Found in West Africa, but it is most commonly found in high school students and university students.This sickness leads the brain to undergo fatigue and stress, which is associated with poor concentration and memory. This can also result in having difficulty in critical thinking. It is significant to a particular culture because anything they try to learn will only be stressful, which will lead to the person over thinking it and eventually forgetting it in the process.

    Disorder #2: (Hmong Sudden Death Syndrome) It is found in Laos. Other names for the disease is Voodoo Death or Bangungut (Oriental Nightmare Death). This sickness is when the person dies while their sleeping, and it was believed that the soul was being attacked by spirits while the body was asleep, but this happens when people experience trauma. This is significant to a particular culture because the Hmong don’t understand medicine before, so they only thought of this as the spirits attacking the soul.

    Disorder #3: (Susto) This is found in Latinos in the United States, Mexico, Central, and South America (Most of Western Hemesphere). This sickness is the fear that the soul will leave the body or that an event has caused this, which medically means that the individual is ill and will die. This is significant to a particular culture because they believed that this is a paranomal sickness and that they don’t know that it is a deadly sickness.

    Disorder #4: (Wind Illness [p’a leng]) It is found in areas with Chinese ethnic populations (China, Southeast Asia). This sickness is the fear of being old or fearing the wind, which was believed to be associated with the loss of the Yang and began the upset balance in the spirit and body. In paranoia, the person tries their best to stay warm, which medically, was the result of hyperthermia. This is significant to a particular culture because the chinease didn’t know about hyperthermia and thought that the Yang has left the body spiritally.

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